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Protecting Election 2020 from Covid-19: A Toolkit for Vermont Activists

If the Covid-19 pandemic continues into November, we will need to change our election practices to make sure voters don’t have to choose between their health and their right to vote. We have the solutions to make our elections both safe and accessible to all. And with this toolkit, you will know what reforms your state needs and where to focus your efforts.

Last Updated: August 25, 2020
Published: August 25, 2020

This is part of the Bren­nan Center’s Toolkits for Activ­ists Across the Nation.

Jump to a section: 
Polit­ical Context  |  What’s in Place and What’s Needed  |  Key Dates

Admin­is­ter­ing an elec­tion under pandemic condi­tions requires under­tak­ing steps to keep voting access­ible, safe, and secure. The guide below lays out the prob­lems Covid-19 poses, what prepared­ness meas­ures Vermont has, and what changes are still needed. But first, we offer some polit­ical context for your advocacy.


Advocacy Focus: Local Reform

Local offi­cials have a lot of respons­ib­il­ity over elec­tions. They are a great place to focus advocacy efforts. Though state offi­cials can make any of the changes in this toolkit, we high­light some examples of changes that local elec­tions offi­cials can also make with this symbol:🔸


Polit­ical Context

Below is a list of the relev­ant offi­cials and inform­a­tion about the legis­lat­ive session.

Governor: Phil Scott (R)  

Secret­ary of State: James Condos (D)

Legis­lature: House (D) Senate (D)

Legis­lat­ive Session: The legis­lature is sched­uled to adjourn on August 30, 2020. Only the governor can call a special legis­lat­ive session.

Local Elec­tions Offi­cials: In Vermont, local clerks share respons­ib­il­it­ies for admin­is­ter­ing elec­tions. You can look up indi­vidual local clerks here.

What Vermont Has and What’s Needed

Three prior­it­ies. There are three key areas where we need to shore up our elec­tions systems for success during a pandemic: regis­tra­tion, mail voting, and in-person voting.

Regis­tra­tion

Covid-19 may disrupt the tradi­tional ways Amer­ic­ans register to vote, like get out the vote drives or regis­ter­ing at govern­ment agen­cies. In the crucial weeks before the regis­tra­tion dead­line, postal service disrup­tions may lead many regis­tra­tion forms to arrive at elec­tion offices after the dead­line.

Prepar­at­ory Meas­ures Vermont Already Has Taken:

  • Online voter regis­tra­tion
  • Elec­tion Day voter regis­tra­tion

Changes Still Needed:

  • Prepare to extend online and mail voter regis­tra­tion dead­lines based on condi­tions in the state

Voting by Mail

Because of Covid-19, long lines and crowds at the polls pose health risks not seen in previ­ous elec­tions. Allow­ing every citizen to vote by mail reduces the number of people at the polls on Elec­tion Day and decreases the expos­ure risk to Covid-19.

Prepar­at­ory Meas­ures Vermont Already Has Taken:

  • All voters can vote by mail
  • Online tool for request­ing a mail ballot for those not auto­mat­ic­ally sent one
  • No notary or witness require­ment for return of mail ballot
  • No ID require­ment to vote by mail
  • Provides pre-paid post­age for voting by mail
  • Sends vote-by-mail ballots to all active registered voters 

Changes Still Needed:

  • Accept late-arriv­ing ballots post­marked by Elec­tion Day
  • Provide post-elec­tion notice and cure oppor­tun­ity for defects on absentee-ballot envel­ope, includ­ing signa­ture mismatch or miss­ing signa­tures

In-Person Voting

Even with expan­ded mail voting oppor­tun­ity, states cannot close polling places. To do so may disen­fran­chise voters without Inter­net and mail access, or those who do not wish to cast a ballot by mail. In-person voting must be done in accord­ance with health guidelines to prevent the spread of Covid-19.

Prepar­at­ory Meas­ures Vermont Already Has Taken:

  • In-person early voting

Changes Still Needed:

  • Ensure suffi­cient polling places are open and resourced on Elec­tion Day🔸
  • Open more in-person early voting loca­tions🔸
  • Take proper public health precau­tions to ensure safe polling places🔸
  • Hold train­ing sessions for polling-place work­ers well in advance of Elec­tion Day, so that elec­tion offi­cials can better anti­cip­ate prob­lems with staff­ing and logist­ics🔸
  • Increase access to curb­side voting at polling loca­tions

Advocacy Focus: Protect­ing Polling Places

No matter how prepared Vermont is as a matter of policy, elec­tions offi­cials and advoc­ates must stay vigil­ant about ensur­ing safe, healthy in-person voting is an option for every­one all the way through Elec­tion Day. Here are some import­ant things to know about who makes decisions about polling places in Vermont and what rules govern the process:

  • Polling places cannot be changed less than 15 days before an elec­tion except in case of an emer­gency.🔸
  • The Secret­ary of State has issued a direct­ive permit­ting outdoor and drive-through polling places (and drive-through polling places must accom­mod­ate walk-up voters).🔸
  • Mask require­ments for voters at polling loca­tions are allowed, but police officers enfor­cing mask orders must provide voters a mask, and a voter may altern­at­ively be provided an oppor­tun­ity to vote outside the polling place or other reas­on­able altern­at­ive proced­ures.🔸

Key Dates for Vermont Elec­tions

  • June 27 – August 10, 2020: Early Voting Period for Primary Elec­tion
  • August 11, 2020: Primary Elec­tion Day
  • Septem­ber 20 – Novem­ber 2, 2020: Early Voting Period for General Elec­tion
  • Novem­ber 3, 2020: General Elec­tion Day