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State Voting Laws

The Brennan Center tracks voting legislation around the country, keeping an eye on measures that restrict or expand voting access, improve security, or undermine election integrity.

Overview

Several times a year, the Bren­nan Center publishes roundups of state voting legis­la­tion around the coun­try. Since the 2020 elec­tion, this legis­la­tion has taken on new import­ance in state legis­latures, with lawmakers aggress­ively attemp­ting to limit voting access and roll back gains in turnout.

This year, lawmakers have enacted restrictive voting legislation at almost the same pace as election interference legislation. Restrictive legislation makes it harder for eligible Americans to cast their ballots. Election interference legislation allows for partisan interference with the elec­tions process, includ­ing meddling with the partisan makeup of county boards of elections, crim­in­al­izing elec­tion offi­cials for ordinary conduct, or directing new resources to pursing election crimes. These bills stand to not only harm exist­ing elec­tion admin­is­tra­tion, but they also undermine voters’ faith in the secur­ity of elec­tions.

In 2022, at least seven states enacted 10 laws that make voting more difficult – of these, 5 laws in five states are in place for the midterms. Overall, at least 405 restrict­ive voting bills have been proposed in 39 state legis­latures.

Also this year, at least seven states have enacted election interference laws that are in place for the midterms. Overall, at least 151 election interference bills have been intro­duced in 27 states

During the same time­frame, pro-voter legis­lat­ors have pushed back, seek­ing to expand access to the vote and build on the momentum that led to the biggest voter turnout in over a century in 2020 despite the Covid-19 pandemic. Twelve states have enacted laws expanding the right to vote. Over­all, at least 628 bills with expans­ive provi­sions have been proposed in 44 state legis­latures and Washington, DC.

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