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Protecting Election 2020 from Covid-19: A Toolkit for Missouri Activists

If the Covid-19 pandemic continues into November, we will need to change our election practices to make sure voters don’t have to choose between their health and their right to vote. We have the solutions to make our elections both safe and accessible to all. And with this toolkit, you will know what reforms your state needs and where to focus your efforts.

Last Updated: August 24, 2020
Published: August 24, 2020

This is part of the Brennan Center’s Toolkits for Activists Across the Nation.

Jump to a section: 
Political Context  |  What’s in Place and What’s Needed  |  Key Dates

Administering an election under pandemic conditions requires undertaking steps to keep voting accessible, safe, and secure. The guide below lays out the problems Covid-19 poses, what preparedness measures Missouri has, and what changes are still needed. But first, we offer some political context for your advocacy.

Advocacy Focus: Local Reform

Local officials have a lot of responsibility over elections. They are a great place to focus advocacy efforts. Though state officials can make any of the changes in this toolkit, we highlight some examples of changes that local elections officials can also make with this symbol:🔸

Political Context

Below is a list of the relevant officials and information about the legislative session.

Governor: Mike Parson (R)  

Secretary of State: Jay Ashcroft (R)

Legislature: House (R) Senate (R)

Legislative Session: The legislature adjourned on May 15, 2020 but convened for a special session on July 27, 2020. Either the legislature or the governor can call a special legislative session.

Local Elections Officials: In Missouri, a number of county officials share responsibilities for administering elections. You can look up individual county officials here.

What Missouri Has and What’s Needed

Three priorities. There are three key areas where we need to shore up our elections systems for success during a pandemic: registration, mail voting, and in-person voting.


Covid-19 may disrupt the traditional ways Americans register to vote, like get out the vote drives or registering at government agencies. In the crucial weeks before the registration deadline, postal service disruptions may lead many registration forms to arrive at election offices after the deadline.

Preparatory Measures Missouri Already Has Taken:

  • Online voter registration

Changes Still Needed:

  • Prepare to extend online and mail voter registration deadlines based on conditions in the state
  • Voter registration on Election Day

Voting by Mail

Because of Covid-19, long lines and crowds at the polls pose health risks not seen in previous elections. Allowing every citizen to vote by mail reduces the number of people at the polls on Election Day and decreases the exposure risk to Covid-19.

Preparatory Measures Missouri Already Has Taken:

  • All voters can vote by mail without an excuse
  • Provides pre-paid postage for voting by mail
  • No ID requirement to vote by mail

Changes Still Needed:

  • Online tool for requesting an absentee or mail-in ballot
  • Eliminate notary or witness requirement for return of mail ballot
  • Accept late-arriving ballots postmarked by Election Day
  • Send mail-in ballot applications to all voters who have not yet applied
  • Provide post-election notice and cure opportunity for defects on absentee-ballot envelope, including signature mismatch or missing signatures

In-Person Voting

Even with expanded mail voting opportunity, states cannot close polling places. To do so may disenfranchise voters without Internet and mail access, or those who do not wish to cast a ballot by mail. In-person voting must be done in accordance with health guidelines to prevent the spread of Covid-19.

Changes Still Needed:

  • Establish in-person early voting
  • Ensure sufficient polling places are open and resourced on Election Day🔸
  • Take proper public health precautions to ensure safe polling places🔸
  • Hold training sessions for polling-place workers well in advance of Election Day, so that election officials can better anticipate problems with staffing and logistics🔸
  • Increase access to curbside voting at polling locations

Advocacy Focus: Protecting Polling Places

No matter how prepared Missouri is as a matter of policy, elections officials and advocates must stay vigilant about ensuring safe, healthy in-person voting is an option for everyone all the way through Election Day. Here are some important things to know about who makes decisions about polling places in Missouri and what rules govern the process:

  • Local election authorities have the power to combine two or more adjacent precincts for voting at a single polling place when they provide advance notice.🔸
  • Local election authorities may relocate a polling place in an emergency by petitioning a judicial election panel.🔸

Key Dates for Missouri Elections

  • July 8, 2020: Deadline to register to vote for the Primary Election
  • August 4, 2020: Primary Election Day
  • October 7, 2020: Deadline to register to vote for the General Election
  • October 21, 2020 (5:00 p.m.): Deadline for requesting that an absentee or mail-in ballot be mailed
  • November 2, 2020: Deadline for in-person requests for absentee or mail-in ballots
  • November 3, 2020: General Election Day