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Protecting Election 2020 from Covid-19: A Toolkit for Maine Activists

If the Covid-19 pandemic continues into November, we will need to change our election practices to make sure voters don’t have to choose between their health and their right to vote. We have the solutions to make our elections both safe and accessible to all. And with this toolkit, you will know what reforms your state needs and where to focus your efforts.

Last Updated: August 27, 2020
Published: August 21, 2020

This is part of the Bren­nan Center’s Toolkits for Activ­ists Across the Nation.

Jump to a section: 
Polit­ical Context  |  What’s in Place and What’s Needed  |  Key Dates

Admin­is­ter­ing an elec­tion under pandemic condi­tions requires under­tak­ing steps to keep voting access­ible, safe, and secure. The guide below lays out the prob­lems Covid-19 poses, what prepared­ness meas­ures Maine has, and what changes are still needed. But first, we offer some polit­ical context for your advocacy.

Advocacy Focus: Local Reform

Local offi­cials have a lot of respons­ib­il­ity over elec­tions. They are a great place to focus advocacy efforts. Though state offi­cials can make any of the changes in this toolkit, we high­light some examples of changes that local elec­tions offi­cials can also make with this symbol:🔸

Polit­ical Context

Below is a list of the relev­ant offi­cials and inform­a­tion about the legis­lat­ive session.

Governor: Janet Mills (D)  

Secret­ary of State: Matthew Dunlap (D)

Legis­lature: House (D) Senate (D)

Legis­lat­ive Session: The legis­lature last adjourned on March 17, 2020. Either the legis­lature or the governor can call a special legis­lat­ive session.

Local Elec­tions Offi­cials: In Maine, a number of local offi­cials share respons­ib­il­it­ies for admin­is­ter­ing elec­tions. You can look up indi­vidual local offi­cials here.

What Maine Has and What’s Needed

Three prior­it­ies. There are three key areas where we need to shore up our elec­tions systems for success during a pandemic: regis­tra­tion, mail voting, and in-person voting.


Covid-19 may disrupt the tradi­tional ways Amer­ic­ans register to vote, like get out the vote drives or regis­ter­ing at govern­ment agen­cies. In the crucial weeks before the regis­tra­tion dead­line, postal service disrup­tions may lead many regis­tra­tion forms to arrive at elec­tion offices after the dead­line.

Prepar­at­ory Meas­ures Maine Already Has Taken:

  • Elec­tion Day voter regis­tra­tion
  • Exten­ded mail voter regis­tra­tion dead­lines based on condi­tions in the state

Changes Still Needed:

  • Online voter regis­tra­tion

Voting by Mail

Because of Covid-19, long lines and crowds at the polls pose health risks not seen in previ­ous elec­tions. Allow­ing every citizen to vote by mail reduces the number of people at the polls on Elec­tion Day and decreases the expos­ure risk to Covid-19.

Prepar­at­ory Meas­ures Maine Already Has Taken:

  • All voters can vote by mail without an excuse
  • Online tool for request­ing an absentee ballot
  • No notary or witness require­ment for return of mail ballot
  • No ID require­ment to vote by mail

Changes Still Needed:

  • Provide pre-paid post­age for voting by mail
  • Accept late-arriv­ing ballots post­marked by Elec­tion Day
  • Provide post-elec­tion notice and cure oppor­tun­ity for defects on absentee-ballot envel­ope, includ­ing signa­ture mismatch or miss­ing signa­tures
  • Send absentee-ballot applic­a­tions to all voters who have not yet applied

In-Person Voting

Even with expan­ded mail voting oppor­tun­ity, states cannot close polling places. To do so may disen­fran­chise voters without Inter­net and mail access, or those who do not wish to cast a ballot by mail. In-person voting must be done in accord­ance with health guidelines to prevent the spread of Covid-19.

Prepar­at­ory Meas­ures Maine Already Has Taken:

  • In-person early voting

Changes Still Needed:

  • Ensure suffi­cient polling places are open and resourced on Elec­tion Day🔸
  • Offer addi­tional dates and addi­tional hours for in-person early voting at muni­cipal clerks’ offices🔸
  • Take proper public health precau­tions to ensure safe polling places🔸
  • Hold train­ing sessions for polling-place work­ers well in advance of Elec­tion Day, so that elec­tion offi­cials can better anti­cip­ate prob­lems with staff­ing and logist­ics🔸
  • Increase access to curb­side voting at polling loca­tions

Advocacy Focus: Protect­ing Polling Places

No matter how prepared Maine is as a matter of policy, elec­tions offi­cials and advoc­ates must stay vigil­ant about ensur­ing safe, healthy in-person voting is an option for every­one all the way through Elec­tion Day. Here are some import­ant things to know about who makes decisions about polling places in Maine and what rules govern the process:

  • Muni­cipal officers can change the loca­tion of a polling place in an emer­gency.🔸
  • Polls can open up to 4 hours late in towns with less than 500 resid­ents. Polls can close before 8PM on elec­tion day in towns with less than 100 resid­ents after all registered voters have voted.🔸
  • The Secret­ary of State may work to facil­it­ate voting in areas where the governor has declared a state of emer­gency. This could include provid­ing for a cent­ral­ized system for issu­ing and receiv­ing absentee ballots and/or expand­ing proced­ures already in place for uniformed service and over­seas voters to domestic civil­ians.

Key Dates for Maine Elec­tions

  • June 22, 2020: Dead­line to register by mail to vote in the Primary Elec­tion (post­marked by this date)
  • July 14, 2020: Primary Elec­tion Day
  • Octo­ber 19, 2020: Dead­line to register by mail to vote in the General Elec­tion
  • Octo­ber 29, 2020 (5:00 p.m.): Dead­line to request an absentee ballot for the General Elec­tion using the online ballot-request tool
  • Novem­ber 3, 2020: General Elec­tion Day