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Protecting Election 2020 from Covid-19: A Toolkit for Georgia Activists

If the Covid-19 pandemic continues into November, we will need to change our election practices to make sure voters don’t have to choose between their health and their right to vote. We have the solutions to make our elections both safe and accessible to all. And with this toolkit, you will know what reforms your state needs and where to focus your efforts.

Last Updated: August 19, 2020
Published: August 19, 2020

This is part of the Bren­nan Center’s Toolkits for Activ­ists Across the Nation.

Jump to a section: 
Polit­ical Context  |  What’s in Place and What’s Needed  |  Key Dates

Admin­is­ter­ing an elec­tion under pandemic condi­tions requires under­tak­ing steps to keep voting access­ible, safe, and secure. The guide below lays out the prob­lems Covid-19 poses, what prepared­ness meas­ures Geor­gia has, and what changes are still needed. But first, we offer some polit­ical context for your advocacy.

Advocacy Focus: Local Reform

Local offi­cials have a lot of respons­ib­il­ity over elec­tions. They are a great place to focus advocacy efforts. Though state offi­cials can make any of the changes in this toolkit, we high­light some examples of changes that local elec­tions offi­cials can also make with this symbol:🔸

Polit­ical Context

Below is a list of the relev­ant offi­cials and inform­a­tion about the legis­lat­ive session.

Governor: Brian Kemp (R)  

Secret­ary of State: Brad Raffen­sper­ger (R). The State Elec­tion Board has the author­ity to promul­gate rules and regu­la­tions. 

Legis­lature: House (R) Senate (R)

Legis­lat­ive Session: The legis­lature last adjourned on June 26, 2020. Either the legis­lature or the governor can call a special legis­lat­ive session.

Local Elec­tions Offi­cials: In Geor­gia, a number of county offi­cials share respons­ib­il­it­ies for admin­is­ter­ing elec­tions. You can look up indi­vidual county offi­cials here.

What Geor­gia Has and What’s Needed

Three prior­it­ies. There are three key areas where we need to shore up our elec­tions systems for success during a pandemic: regis­tra­tion, mail voting, and in-person voting.


Covid-19 may disrupt the tradi­tional ways Amer­ic­ans register to vote, like get out the vote drives or regis­ter­ing at govern­ment agen­cies. In the crucial weeks before the regis­tra­tion dead­line, postal service disrup­tions may lead many regis­tra­tion forms to arrive at elec­tion offices after the dead­line.

Prepar­at­ory Meas­ures Geor­gia Already Has Taken:

  • Online voter regis­tra­tion

Changes Still Needed:

  • Prepare to extend online and mail voter regis­tra­tion dead­lines based on condi­tions in the state
  • Voter regis­tra­tion on Elec­tion Day

Voting by Mail

Because of Covid-19, long lines and crowds at the polls pose health risks not seen in previ­ous elec­tions. Allow­ing every citizen to vote by mail reduces the number of people at the polls on Elec­tion Day and decreases the expos­ure risk to Covid-19.

Prepar­at­ory Meas­ures Geor­gia Already Has Taken:

  • All voters can vote by mail without an excuse
  • Online tool for request­ing an absentee ballot (under devel­op­ment)
  • No notary or witness require­ment for return of mail ballot
  • No ID require­ment to vote by mail
  • Provides post-elec­tion notice and cure oppor­tun­ity for defects on absentee-ballot envel­ope, includ­ing signa­ture mismatch or miss­ing signa­tures

Changes Still Needed:

  • Provide pre-paid post­age for voting by mail
  • Accept late-arriv­ing ballots post­marked by Elec­tion Day
  • Send absentee-ballot applic­a­tions to all voters who have not yet applied

In-Person Voting

Even with expan­ded mail voting oppor­tun­ity, states cannot close polling places. To do so may disen­fran­chise voters without Inter­net and mail access, or those who do not wish to cast a ballot by mail. In-person voting must be done in accord­ance with health guidelines to prevent the spread of Covid-19.

Prepar­at­ory Meas­ures Geor­gia Already Has Taken:

  • In-person early voting

Changes Still Needed:

  • Ensure suffi­cient polling places are open and resourced on Elec­tion Day🔸
  • Open more in-person early voting loca­tions🔸
  • Take proper public health precau­tions to ensure safe polling places🔸
  • Hold train­ing sessions for polling-place work­ers well in advance of Elec­tion Day, so that elec­tion offi­cials can better anti­cip­ate prob­lems with staff­ing and logist­ics🔸
  • Increase access to curb­side voting at polling loca­tions

Advocacy Focus: Protect­ing Polling Places

No matter how prepared Geor­gia is as a matter of policy, elec­tions offi­cials and advoc­ates must stay vigil­ant about ensur­ing safe, healthy in-person voting is an option for every­one all the way through Elec­tion Day. Here are some import­ant things to know about who makes decisions about polling places in Geor­gia and what rules govern the process:

  • Local super­in­tend­ents are charged with the respons­ib­il­ity for select­ing and equip­ping polling loca­tions, as well as appoint­ing and train­ing poll work­ers.🔸
  • The govern­ing author­it­ies of counties and muni­cip­al­it­ies are charged with cover­ing super­in­tend­ents’ elec­tion-related expenses.🔸
  • State law allows boards of regis­trars to estab­lish addi­tional loca­tions where voters can both receive absentee ballots and vote their absentee ballots, provided that the loca­tions meet minimum criteria.🔸
  • Counties and muni­cip­al­it­ies are allowed to extend the hours for advance voting beyond regu­lar busi­ness hours to suit the needs of voters.🔸
  • Chan­ging polling loca­tions during the 60 days before an elec­tion is allowed only in the case of an emer­gency or an event that renders the original polling place unavail­able for use.🔸
  • County super­in­tend­ents and muni­cipal govern­ing author­it­ies are given discre­tion to provide port­able polling facil­it­ies of adequate size for any precinct.🔸

Key Dates for Geor­gia Elec­tions

  • Octo­ber 5, 2020: Dead­line to register to vote for the General Elec­tion
  • Octo­ber 12 – Octo­ber 30, 2020: Early voting for General Elec­tion
  • Novem­ber 3, 2020: General Elec­tion Day
  • Decem­ber 1, 2020: General and Special Elec­tion Runoffs for state and local offices
  • Decem­ber 7, 2020: Dead­line to register to vote for (possible) General Elec­tion Runoff for federal offices
  • Janu­ary 5, 2021: (Possible) General Elec­tion Runoff for federal offices