Skip Navigation

The Protect Liberty Act: Sensible Surveillance Reform

A one-pager compiled by the Brennan Center on the Protect Liberty and End Warrantless Surveillance Act, a bipartisan bill that would help put an end to civil liberties violations under Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA).

Last Updated: December 19, 2023
Published: December 19, 2023

Section 702 authorizes warrantless surveillance and therefore may only be targeted at foreigners abroad. But the surveillance inevitably sweeps in Americans’ communications. Despite Congress’s mandate to “minimize” the retention and use of such communications, the FBI, NSA, CIA, and NCTC routinely search Section 702-acquired data for Americans’ phone calls, emails, and text messages. The FBI conducted 200,000 of these “backdoor searches” in 2022 alone and has engaged in what the FISA Court called “widespread violations” of the rules governing such searches.

This document provides an overview of the bipartisan Protect Liberty and End Warrantless Surveillance Act, which would end these civil liberties violations while leaving intact the government’s ability to monitor foreign threats under Section 702. 

Protect Liberty Act One-pag… by The Brennan Center for Justice