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Voting Rights Litigation Tracker

As state legislatures enact policies to make it harder to vote, court battles loom.

Last Updated: June 16, 2022
Published: May 24, 2021
Texas state capitol in Austin, Texas
Texas state capitol in Austin, Texas (Bo Zaunders/Getty)

A record number of voting-related lawsuits were filed in 2020, and new lawsuits have contin­ued to be filed. This tracker seeks to aggreg­ate active, pending litig­a­tion in state and federal courts pertain­ing to voters’ abil­ity to cast their ballots and have them coun­ted. This list does not include cases pertain­ing to candid­acy issues, ballot initi­at­ives, or redis­trict­ing.

To date, we are track­ing 82 active lawsuits in 23 states plus D.C. In 2021, at least 47 voting cases were filed in 15 states. So far in 2022, at least 24 cases have been filed in 11 states.

Recent Devel­op­ments:

  • In March, a federal trial court in Flor­ida entered a perman­ent injunc­tion strik­ing down three provi­sions of SB 90 as uncon­sti­tu­tional and requir­ing the state to preclear future changes to its elec­tion law for the next ten years. The state appealed the decision, and on May 6, the Elev­enth Circuit Court of Appeals stayed the trial court’s order, mean­ing the provi­sions are back in effect and the preclear­ance require­ments are paused pending the outcome of the appeal.
  • In April, a Montana trial court entered a prelim­in­ary injunc­tion enjoin­ing enforce­ment of four chal­lenged laws, find­ing the laws likely viol­ate the state consti­tu­tion. On May 17, the Montana Supreme Court stayed the injunc­tion as to two provi­sions that elim­in­ated same day regis­tra­tion and limited the abil­ity to use student IDs as eligible forms of voter ID in the state. These laws will now be in effect for the state’s upcom­ing primary elec­tion.
  • In a case chal­len­ging Montana’s SB 319, a state court conver­ted an earlier prelim­in­ary injunc­tion into a perman­ent injunc­tion in Febru­ary 2022, enjoin­ing the state from enfor­cing the chal­lenged provi­sions and find­ing that the chal­lenged provi­sions viol­ate the state consti­tu­tion. On May 11, 2022, the State agreed not to appeal the decision, mean­ing the chal­lenged provi­sions are now perman­ently blocked.
  • A state court in Arizona rejec­ted the Arizona Repub­lican Party’s second attempt to strike down the state’s vote-by-mail system on June 9, 2022. The Arizona Repub­lican Party has appealed.
  • A federal court in Pennsylvania declined to issue relief in a case chal­len­ging the rejec­tion of mail ballots that were miss­ing hand­writ­ten dates in an elec­tion for judges of the Court of Common Pleas. On appeal, the Third Circuit Court of Appeals reversed the lower court’s order and direc­ted Lehigh County to count the undated ballots for certi­fic­a­tion. On June 9, the U.S. Supreme Court declined to issue an emer­gency stay, mean­ing the Third Circuit’s order requir­ing that the ballots be coun­ted remains in effect.
  • A federal court in Texas struck down a law passed last year that required voters to include “wet” or original signa­tures on voter regis­tra­tion applic­a­tions, find­ing that the law viol­ates the Civil Rights Act of 1964 as well as the First and Four­teenth Amend­ments of the U.S. Consti­tu­tion. The State has appealed the district court’s decision to the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals.

Voting Rights Litigation Tracker

Click the states below to view litigation. Click each case to expand and view details. Use the search tool to find keywords within all of the cases.

  • Alabama

    Alabama

  • Alaska

    Alaska

  • Arizona

    Arizona

  • Arkansas

    Arkansas

  • California

    California

  • Colorado

    Colorado

  • Connecticut

    Connecticut

  • Delaware

    Delaware

  • District of Columbia

    District of Columbia

  • Florida

    Florida

  • Georgia

    Georgia

  • Hawaii

    Hawaii

  • Idaho

    Idaho

  • Illinois

    Illinois

  • Indiana

    Indiana

  • Iowa

    Iowa

  • Kansas

    Kansas

  • Kentucky

    Kentucky

  • Louisiana

    Louisiana

  • Maine

    Maine

  • Maryland

    Maryland

  • Massachusetts

    Massachusetts

  • Michigan

    Michigan

  • Minnesota

    Minnesota

  • Mississippi

    Mississippi

  • Missouri

    Missouri

  • Montana

    Montana

  • Nebraska

    Nebraska

  • Nevada

    Nevada

  • New Hampshire

    New Hampshire

  • New Jersey

    New Jersey

  • New Mexico

    New Mexico

  • New York

    New York

  • North Carolina

    North Carolina

  • North Dakota

    North Dakota

  • Ohio

    Ohio

  • Oklahoma

    Oklahoma

  • Oregon

    Oregon

  • Pennsylvania

    Pennsylvania

  • Rhode Island

    Rhode Island

  • South Carolina

    South Carolina

  • South Dakota

    South Dakota

  • Tennessee

    Tennessee

  • Texas

    Texas

  • Utah

    Utah

  • Vermont

    Vermont

  • Virginia

    Virginia

  • Washington

    Washington

  • West Virginia

    West Virginia

  • Wisconsin

    Wisconsin

  • Wyoming

    Wyoming