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Dwight v. Raffensperger

A challenge to Georgia’s 2011 congressional plan brought by four African-American voters contends the map violates Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act.

Last Updated: April 16, 2020
Published: June 20, 2019

Note: The Brennan Center is not a participant in this case.

Case Background

Individual African-American Georgia voters allege that the state’s 2011 congressional plan violates Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act (VRA). The suit argues that instead of creating an additional majority-minority district in response to the significant minority population growth between 2000–2010, the legislature cracked “politically cohesive and geographically compact” African-American communities in and around the Twelfth Congressional District to minimize their political influence. In doing so, the map, the plaintiffs allege, dilutes African-American voting strength and has the effect of denying African Americans the equal opportunity to elect candidates of their choice.

The plaintiffs are asking the court to declare the plan violates Section 2 of the VRA, enjoin the state from using the map for future elections, and order the state to adopt a new plan that complies with Section 2 of the VRA, including creation of a district in southeastern Georgia where African Americans have the opportunity to elect their preferred candidates.

On March 25, 2020, the court denied all motions for summary judgment as moot “pending oral argument.” On April 13, 2020, the parties filed a joint stipulation of dismissal, which the court granted on April 14.


District Court