Brennan Center for Justice v. U.S. Department of Justice
On August 7, 2018, the Brennan Center and co-counsel American Oversight filed a lawsuit in federal district court in D.C. to compel the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) to comply with a request for documents under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). The Brennan Center’s FOIA request pertained to a letter the DOJ sent to state election officials last year, asking for detailed information on voter list maintenance practices. The Brennan Center filed suit after the DOJ largely denied its request for documents.
On June 28, 2017, the head of DOJ’s Voting Section sent a letter to all states covered by the National Voter Registration Act (NVRA), requesting detailed information on the states’ policies, practices, and procedures related to voter list maintenance, including information on states’ efforts to comply with the federal statutes governing list maintenance. This letter alarmed voting rights advocates, who saw in it a possible prelude to a broader effort to force states to purge their voter rolls more aggressively.
On July 20, 2017, the Brennan Center submitted a FOIA request to DOJ seeking documents related to how and why the letter was created and what information DOJ received in response. Specifically, the Brennan Center requested two categories of information: (1) any documents that DOJ received from states in response to the letter and (2) any DOJ communications regarding the letter.
Eight months later, DOJ responded by denying the Brennan Center access to any documents related to the first part of the request and provided redacted documents to the second part – all but three pages of which had already been produced in a separate FOIA request. In response to this inadequate response, the Brennan Center appealed, requesting a more fulsome production. DOJ failed to respond, leading the Brennan Center to file suit.
In the lawsuit, the Brennan Center argues that FOIA requires DOJ to undertake a more reasonable search and a more complete production of documents responsive to the Brennan Center’s request.