Automatic Voter Registration and Modernization in the States
Many states across the country are successfully using components of voter registration modernization. Here is a complete rundown.
Automatic Registration is gaining traction quickly in the states. Prior to March 2015, no states automatically registered voters. Now, six states — Alaska, California, Connecticut, Oregon, Vermont, and West Virginia — plus the District of Columbia have authorized automatic voter registration policies, in which eligible citizens who interact with certain government agencies will be added to the rolls unless they “opt out” of registration.
Automatic voter registration is the gold standard of modernized registration, and it builds on other reforms to bring voter registration to the 21st Century — which are increasingly commonplace across the country. Already, 49 states and the District of Columbia — without fanfare or partisan wrangling — have moved forward with important elements of Voter Registration Modernization, including electronic registration at DMVs, online registration, Election Day registration, and portability. Additionally, many states are considering ways to modernize their systems. See here for voting bills under consideration across the country.
Elements of Modernized Voter Registration Are in Wide Use across the Country:
- At least 35 states — Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, and West Virginia — plus the District of Columbia, currently or will soon have fully or substantially electronic voter registration at DMVs.
21 states — California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Utah, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Wyoming — plus the District of Columbia, currently of will soon have systems of portable registration that allow registered voters who move to cast valid ballots even if they do not update their registrations before Election Day.
14 states — California, Colorado, Connecticut, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Minnesota, Montana, New Hampshire, Vermont, Wisconsin, and Wyoming — plus the District of Columbia, currently or will soon permit Election Day registration, which allows voters to register or update their existing registration on Election Day.
- 38 states — Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, and Wisconsin — plus the District of Columbia, currently or will soon offer online voter registration.
14 states — California, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Utah — plus the District of Columbia, allow or have enacted legislation allowing 16 or 17 year-olds to pre-register to vote even if they won’t turn 18 before Election Day.
Every State That Has Modernized Registration Has Saved Money:
- Modernization is a modest investment, and it will pay for itself, saving states millions of dollars a year.
- Washington spent about $280,000 to implement electronic voter registration at DMVs and introduce online registration. The Secretary of State’s office saved approximately $176,000 in the first two years, and the counties saved even more.
- Online registration cost Arizona less than $100,000, and automating DMV registrations cost only an additional $30,000.
- In Maricopa County, Arizona (which includes Phoenix), processing a paper voter registration form costs 83¢, compared to an average of 3¢ for applications received electronically from the DMV or through the online system.
- In 2008, Maricopa County saved data entry costs equivalent to the cost of eight full-time employees.
- Delaware saved over $200,000 in the first year after improving its electronic voter registration system at DMVs.
Electronic Transmission of Voter Registrations Increases Registration Rates:
- In Washington and Kansas, the number of voter registration transactions at DMVs doubled after the system became electronic.
- In South Dakota, registration rates at the DMV increased about six times over after the state implemented electronic voter registration.
- In Delaware, which implemented partial electronic voter registration at DMVs over a decade ago, 81% of all registrations come from DMVs, compared to 38% nationally.
Automatic Voter Registration and Other Modernizing Reforms Possible Now
The movement for automatic voter registration is thriving in the states, and other modernizing reforms continue to expand. State experiences show that voter registration modernization is feasible, cost-effective, and will save taxpayers millions of dollars each year.
- Please click here for a policy brief on automatic, permanent voter registration.
- Please click here for a primer on the key policy points of automatic voter registration and other modernizing elements.
- Please click here for a issue brief on Voter Registration for the 21st Century.
- Please click here for our latest report on paperless registration and how states have moved to modernize their voter registration systems.
- Please click here for a fact sheet on Voter Registration Modernization in the States.
- Please click here for an issue brief detailing modernization momentum in the states.
- Please click here for Components of a Bill to Modernize the Voter Registration System.
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