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Citizens Without Proof

A recent national survey sponsored by the Brennan Center reveals that millions of American citizens do not have readily available documentary proof of citizenship.

Published: November 28, 2006

A Survey of Amer­ic­ans’ Posses­sion of Docu­ment­ary Proof of Citizen­ship and Photo Iden­ti­fic­a­tion

A recent national survey sponsored by the Bren­nan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law reveals that millions of Amer­ican citizens do not have read­ily avail­able docu­ment­ary proof of citizen­ship. Many more primar­ily women do not have proof of citizen­ship with their current name. The survey also showed that millions of Amer­ican citizens do not have govern­ment-issued photo iden­ti­fic­a­tion, such as a drivers license or pass­port. Finally, the survey demon­strated that certain groups primar­ily poor, elderly, and minor­ity citizens are less likely to possess these forms of docu­ment­a­tion than the general popu­la­tion.