Georgia State Conference of the NAACP v. Georgia
The Georgia State Conference of the NAACP is challenging two districts in the 2015 state house plan, which is the product of a mid-decade redistricting by Republican lawmakers. The plaintiffs claim Republicans used race as a means for “achieving [a] partisan end” when they redrew the map in order to protect white Republican incumbents and deny African-American voters an equal opportunity to elect their candidates of choice.
The plaintiffs are asking a three-judge panel to declare that the two challenged districts violate the Constitution and Voting Rights Act, order them redrawn, and impose preclearance requirements on Georgia for the next ten years under section 3 of Voting Rights Act.
The state filed a partial motion to dismiss, arguing, among other things, that the plaintiffs’ claims under Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act and the Fourteenth Amendment lack factual allegations that could show discriminatory effect. The state also disputed the plaintiffs’ reliance on the three-part test from Whitford v. Gill for their partisan gerrymandering claim, arguing that the plaintiffs have not shown that the test—which was originally developed to respond to a state-wide gerrymandering challenge—is reliable or appropriate for challenges to single-districts.
On August 25, the court entered an order dismissing the plaintiffs' section 2 and partisan gerrymandering claims. The order did not address the plaintiffs' racial gerrymandering claims which remain pending.
On October 6, the defendant, Secretary of State Brian Kemp, filed a motion to consolidate the case with Brooks v. Kemp on the grounds that both cases challenge the same legislation and assert claims that are premised on the same or closely related legal theories.
Key Court Documents
- Complaint (April 24, 2017)
- Defendants’ Partial Motion to Dismiss (May 30, 2017)
- Plaintiffs' Opposition to Partial Motion to Dismiss (June 13, 2017)
- Defendants' Reply Brief in Support of Partial Motion to Dismiss (June 27, 2017)
- Joint Preliminary Report and Discovery Plan (June 29, 2017)
- Memorandum Opinion and Order (August 25, 2017)
- Scheduling Order (September 6, 2017)
- Defendant Brian Kemp's Answer (September 15, 2017)
- Defendant's Motion to Consolidate and Brief in Support (October 6, 2017)