Diversity is an essential component of a fair and impartial judiciary. Diversity encompasses both demographic characteristics –– including gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, socio-economic background, and physical ability –– and professional background. Bringing diverse experiences and perspectives to bear allows judges to make better informed decisions and increases public confidence in their rulings. Despite these important benefits, neither state nor federal courts reflect the diversity of the communities they serve or the legal profession. Below are selected resources from the Brennan Center, other organizations, scholars, and the government that describe the current composition of our courts, identify best practices for promoting diversity, and shed light on the current obstacles to achieving a diverse bench.