VRM in the States: Minnesota
Minnesota currently has electronic registration at DMVs, online voter registration, Election Day registration, and electronic pollbooks.
Advances in Voter Registration Modernization
- Electronic Voter Registration: Minnesota launched electronic voter registration at the Department of Public Safety (DPS) – which serves as the state’s driver’s licensing agency – in 2004. Individuals submit information on paper and clerks input responses electronically. Voter registration information is transferred nightly to election officials.
- Online Voter Registration: Minnesota launched online voter registration through the Secretary of State’s office in 2013. Eligible citizens can use the system to register to vote or update their registration information even if they do not have a state driver’s license or non-driver ID. In Minnesota, voter registration forms do not require hand-written signatures, so the collection of a digital signature is not necessary for registration.
- Election Day Registration: Minnesota implemented Election Day registration in 1974. Individuals may register and vote at the polls on Election Day and at early voting centers during the early voting period.
- Electronic Pollbooks: Minnesota authorizes the use of e-pollbooks at the county level.
Gains from Voter Registration Modernization in Minnesota
The steps Minnesota has taken thus far have yielded increases in voter registration and financial benefits for the state. For example:
- During an April 2015 interview with Brennan Center staff, Minnesota election officials reported that online voter registration has improved the accuracy of voter registration records and resulted in a reduction in staff time spent on processing registration forms.
- Minnesota implemented online voter registration at a cost of approximately $55,000.
- Between November 2014 and November 2016, the state received 169,348 new voter registration applications through its online portal.
- In the November 2016 general election, 197,552 voters registered on Election Day or during the early voting period.