Student Voting Guide | Wyoming

August 15, 2014

This student voting guide explains the laws for the state of Wyoming.  If you wish to vote from your school address, check the student voting guide for the state in which you attend school.  If you are interested in casting an absentee ballot in your home state, check the student voting guide for that state.

The Brennan Center is committed to giving students as much information as possible to help you exercise your constitutional right to vote. More than ever in recent history, changes to voting laws are being implemented in ways that can affect your ability to make your vote count. In addition to the content you will find in this Student Voting Guide, we continue to track passed and pending voting law changes here.

While we are working to give you up-to-date information, we urge you to be proactive! In order to ensure you have all the information you need before casting your vote, you should also check with your state and local election officials for information about additional requirements or regulations.

This voting guide was last updated August 15, 2014.


You may register to vote in Wyoming if you will be 18 by the next general election.[1]

Regular registration closes 14 days before Election Day.[2] You can register by mail or in person at the county or city clerk’s office in your county of residence.[3] Mail-in registration forms must be received (not just postmarked) by close of business on the 14th day before the election.[4] Wyoming law does not permit voter registration drives.[5] If you register by mail, you must first present ID to, and sign your registration form in front of, a notary public or a registration agent.[6] (See Identification below for ID requirements and acceptable IDs.) The notary public must also sign your registration form.[7]

Wyoming offers Election Day registration.[8] If you register on Election Day, you likewise must show ID.[9] (See Identification below for ID requirements and acceptable IDs.) 

If you have been convicted of a felony it may impact your ability to vote.[10] If you think you might be affected, you should contact your county clerk’s office.

Note that if you did not vote in the last General Election, you must re-register.[11]


At School. In Wyoming, your voting residency is the place you currently physically live, and have the intention of returning to when absent.[12] Students can establish residency in Wyoming if they have a present intention to remain at their Wyoming school address for the time being, and they intend to make it their principal home. Any other interpretation of the residency laws is unconstitutional.[13] Voting in Wyoming is a declaration of residency, making you subject to other laws that govern state residents.[14]

At Home. Students who lived in Wyoming before moving elsewhere to attend school, and who wish to establish or keep their Wyoming voting residency (i.e., at their parents’ Wyoming address), should have no problem doing so unless they have already registered to vote in another state. You do not gain or lose your voting residency just by attending college or university out of state.[15]

You will lose your Wyoming residency by establishing residency in your new state. Registering to vote in another state is automatically considered an abandonment of your Wyoming residency.[16] If you have established residency in another state and are moving back to Wyoming with the intent to reside here, you will have to follow the normal registration procedures to re-register in Wyoming.

Challenges to Residency. Your county clerk can investigate your claim of residency if the clerk has reasonable cause to believe that you are not qualified to vote in Wyoming.[17] The county clerk may consider a number of factors, including where your family lives, where you work, where your vehicle is registered, and the residence listed on the your driver’s license.[18] You can prove Wyoming residency by showing your name and address on any form of photo ID, including a valid photo ID from the University of Wyoming, a Wyoming Community College, or a Wyoming public school, or on any current utility bill, bank statement, paycheck, or any other government document.[19] Any person who is denied registration is entitled immediate written notice and an appeal to the local court within 5 days.[20]

Only official poll workers can challenge your eligibility to vote at the polls.[21] If your eligibility to vote is challenged, you may vote by provisional ballot after providing a written oath as to your eligibility.[22] Your ballot will only be counted if you prove to the county clerk that you are a valid resident by the close of business on the day following the election.[23] Remember, no valid challenge may be made solely on the basis of your student or tuition status.


You will have to show ID in order to register to vote in Wyoming. If you register by mail, you will have to show ID in front of a notary public or registration agent before you mail in your form and include the notary’s signature on the form.[24] If you register at the polls on Election Day, you will have to present ID at that time.[25]

If you are a first time voter who registered by mail you will have to show identification again before you vote.[26] You will either have to show identification at the polls or, if you vote absentee, provide a copy of your ID in the mail with your completed absentee ballot.[27]

You can fulfill the identification requirement by showing:

  • One of the following:
    • Wyoming driver’s license or identification card;
    • Driver’s license from another state;
    • ID card issued by a local, state or federal agency;
    • U.S. passport;
    • Photo ID from the University of Wyoming, a Wyoming Community College, or Wyoming Public School;
    • Military ID; or
  • Two of the following in any combination:
    • Certification of U.S. Citizenship;
    • Certificate of Naturalization;
    • U.S. Military Draft record;
    • Voter registration card from another state or county;
    • Social Security Card;
    • Original or certified copy of a birth certificate bearing an official seal;
    • Certification of birth abroad issued by the Department of State; or
    • Any other form of identification issued by a government agency.[28]

If you do not provide identification, you will be able to submit a provisional ballot.[29] You will have until the close of the next business day following the election to present accepted documentation.[30]

Absentee Voting

Any voter can vote absentee in Wyoming; you do not need an excuse.[31] A request for an absentee ballot can be made in person, by phone or by mail to your county clerk’s office.[32] You can request an absentee ballot up to the day before Election Day.[33] You will then be mailed an absentee ballot.

Your county clerk must receive your completed absentee ballot by 7:00 p.m. on Election Day for your vote to be counted.[34] Neither your application nor your ballot needs to be witnessed. If you are a first-time voter who registered by mail, you should include a copy of either a current, valid photo identification or a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck, or other government document which shows your name and address along with your absentee ballot.[35]

Early Voting

You can vote an absentee ballot in person in Wyoming beginning 40 days before the election and ending on Election Day.[36] At early voting sites, you can vote any precinct’s ballot for that county. Check with your county clerk’s office for the exact times and locations.

Last Updated August 15, 2014

[1] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-102(a).

[2] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-102(a).

[3] Wyo. Stat. Ann. §§ 22-3-104(d), (h).

[4] Wyo. Admin. Code SOS EP Ch. 3 § 7.

[5] Wyo. Admin. Code SOS EP Ch. 16 § 5. 

[6] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-103(b); Wyo. Admin. Code SOS EP Ch. 16 § 4(b).

[7] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-103(b).

[8] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-104(f)(ii).

[9] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-104(f)(ii)(A).

[10] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 7-13-105 (describing how felon civil rights are restored).

[11] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-115(a)(i) (“A registered elector's registration shall be cancelled for …[f]ailure to vote in any general election”).

[12] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-1-102(a)(xxx).

[13] See Dunn v. Blumstein, 405 U.S. 330, 330 (1972); Williams v. Salerno, 792 F.2d 323, 328 (2d Cir. 1986).

[14] See, e.g. Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 31-1-101(a)(xxi)(E) (defining a “resident” for purposes of the motor vehicle laws as, among other things, one who has registered to vote in Wyoming); Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 31-2-201(a)(iii) (requiring residents immediately register their vehicles in Wyoming).

[15] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-1-102(xxx)(B)(2).

[16] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-115(a)(v) (“A registered elector's registration shall be cancelled for any one (1) of the following reasons…Receipt of notification that the elector has registered to vote in another jurisdiction”)

[17] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-105(a).

[18] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-105(b).

[19] Wyo. Admin. Code SOS EP Ch. 2 § 6.

[20] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-105.

[21] Wyo. Stat. Ann. §§ 22-15-108 (judges must challenge voters); 22-15-109(b) (poll watchers may not challenge voters).

[22] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-15-105(b).

[23] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-15-105(d).

[24] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-103(b). 

[25] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-118.

[26] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-118.

[27] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-118(b)-(c).

[28] Wyo. Admin. Code SOS EP Ch. 2 § 6.

[29] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-118(d).

[30] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-118(d).

[31] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-9-102(a).

[32] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-9-104(a) .

[33] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-9-105. 

[34] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-9-118.

[35] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-118(c). 

[36] Wyo. Stat. Ann. § 22-3-118(d); Absentee Voting Information, Wy. Sec’y of State, (last visited August 15, 2014).