About the Experts
Michael German, a Fellow at the Brennan Center for Justice, interviewed the following experts who bring a variety of scholarship and experience to the field of U.S. intelligence, oversight, and reform.
Michael German, a Fellow at the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU Law School, interviewed the following experts who bring a variety of scholarship and experience to the field of U.S. intelligence, oversight, and reform.
Danielle Brian is executive director of the Project on Government Oversight (POGO), a non-profit organization that exposes government waste, fraud and abuse, and advocates for open government. POGO provides oversight training to congressional staff, and its Center for Defense Information hosts the Straus Military Reform Project.
Mary Ellen Callahan
Mary Ellen Callahan served as the Chief Privacy Officer and Chief Freedom of Information Officer of the Department of Homeland Security from 2009 to 2011. She is currently Chair of the Privacy and Information Governance Practice at Jenner and Block.
Dr. Erik Dahl
Dr. Erik Dahl is the author of “Intelligence and Surprise Attack: Failure and Success from Pearl Harbor to 9/11 and Beyond,” Dr. Dahl served 21 years as an intelligence officer in the U.S. Navy, and is currently an assistant professor at the Naval Postgraduate School, Department of National Security Affairs and the Center for Homeland Defense and Security.
Dr. John Elliff
Dr. John Elliff was the domestic intelligence task force leader for the Senate Select Committee on Government Activities with Respect to Intelligence Activities, better known as the “Church Committee,” after its Chairman, Senator Frank Church. He later held postitions in the Central Intelligence Agency, the Defense Department, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and served on the staff of the Senate Intelligence and Judiciary Committees. He is the author of Reform of FBI Intelligence Operations (Princeton University Press, 1979).
Clark Kent Ervin
Clark Kent Ervin is Director of the Aspen Institute’s Homeland Security Program. He previously served as the Inspector General to the State Department from 2001 to 2003, and as the first Inspector General of the Department of Homeland Security from January 2003 until December 2004. From 2008 through 2011 he served on the Commission on Wartime Contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan. He is the author of Open Target: Where America is Vulnerable to Attack (Palgrave Macmillan, 2006).
Ben Friedman is a research fellow in defense and homeland security studies at the Cato Institute. He co-edited two books, Terrorizing Ourselves: Why U.S. Counterterrorism Policy is Failing and How to Fix It (Cato 2010), and U.S. Military Innovation Since the Cold War: Creation Without Destruction (Routledge, 2012).
Melvin Goodman directs the National Security Project at Johns Hopkins University’s Center for International Policy. From 1966 through 1986 he served as a senior analyst with the Central Intelligence Agency and the State Department Bureau of Intelligence and Research. He is the author of Failure of Intelligence: The Decline and Fall of the CIA (2008); National Insecurity: The Cost of American Militarism (2013); and the forthcoming The Path to Dissent: The Story of a CIA Whistleblower (2015).
Jameel Jaffer is the Deputy Legal Director of the American Civil Liberties Union and Director of its Center for Democracy, where he has litigated and managed cases involving government surveillance, targeted killings, and torture. He is the co-author of Administration of Torture: A Documentary Record from Washington to Abu Ghraib and Beyond (Columbia University Press, 2007).
Arun Kundnani is the author of The Muslims are Coming! Islamophobia, Extremism, and the Domestic War on Terror, (Verso Books, 2014). Kundnani, an adjunct professor at New York University, has studied terrorism and the effects of counter-radicalization policies in the United Kingdom and the United States.
John Mueller is a political scientist at Ohio State University and at the Cato Institute. He is the author, co-author, or editor of 18 books and hundreds of scholarly and popular articles, including two books with co-author Mark G. Stewart: : Terror, Security, and Money: Balancing the Risks, Benefits, and Costs of Homeland Security; and Chasing Ghosts: The Policing of Terrorism.
Dr. Cynthia Lum is an Associate Professor at George Mason University and the director of the Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy. She was formerly a Baltimore City police officer and detective, and an instructional professor at the U.S. State Department International Law Enforcement Academy. She and Rutgers University professor Leslie Kennedy recently published an edited volume, Evidence-based Counter-terrorism Policy.
Babak Pasdar is an information technology expert and President and CEO of Bat Blue Networks. Pasdar holds five network and security patents and is certified by the International Council of E-Commerce Consultants as an “ethical hacker.” In 2008 Pasdar reported his discovery of an unrestricted portal into a major telecommunications company’s data network to Congress.
Frederick A.O. “Fritz” Schwarz, Jr.
Frederick A.O. “Fritz” Schwarz, Jr. is Counsel of the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU Law School and Senior Counsel at Cravath, Swaine and Moore. From 1975-76, Schwarz served as the Chief Counsel to the Senate Select Committee on Government Activities with Respect to Intelligence Activities, better known as the “Church Committee,” after its Chairman, Senator Frank Church. He is the co-author of Unchecked and Unbalanced: Presidential Power in a Time of Terror (The New Press, 2007), is currently writing a new book, Democracy in the Dark: The Seduction of Government Secrecy, scheduled for publication in Spring 2015.
Hina Shamsi is the Director of the American Civil Liberties Union’s National Security Project. She previously served as Senior Advisor to the U.N. Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial Executions. She is the author of Command's Responsibility: Detainee Deaths In U.S. Custody In Iraq And Afghanistan (Human Rights First, 2006).
Mark G. Stewart
Mark G. Stewart is Professor of Civil Engineering at The University of Newcastle, Australia. He has 30 years of experience in probabilistic risk and vulnerability assessment of security systems, has published more than 400 articles, papers, and reports, including two books with co-author John Mueller: Terror, Security, and Money: Balancing the Risks, Benefits, and Costs of Homeland Security; and Chasing Ghosts: The Policing of Terrorism.